Tai Chi or Qigong?

What's In a Name? What's Right for a Beginner?

Tai Chi or Qigong?

4-Directions Qigong

While both Tai Chi and Qigong have been gaining popularity, there is considerable confusion and misunderstanding in the use of the two names. The recent BBC program, “Trust Me I’m a Doctor”, included a feature about the fitness aspects of Tai Chi compared with Zumba.

Throughout the program they referred to “Tai Chi” but the pictures clearly showed people working through the first set of Shibashi Qigong exercises.

Qigong and Tai Chi Share the Same Roots

Qigong and Tai Chi are close relatives, sharing common roots in ancient China and having similar links to the wellness and health aspects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). They are nearly identical in practical application in terms of health benefits and share the “three regulations”: controlling the body (posture and movement), controlling the breath, and focusing the mind.

Qigong and Tai Chi –  The Differences

Quality
Tai Chi
Qigong

Ease of Learning

Difficult

Easy

Complexity

High

Low

Repetition

Low

High

Coordination Needed

High

Low

Balance Required

High

Low

Symmetric (Left/Right)

No

Yes

Smooth Flowing Movements

Yes

Yes

Slow, controlled breathing

Yes

Yes

Origin

Martial

Health

Origins of Qigong

Qigong is much older than Tai Chi, dating back well over 2,000 years. It is a much wider discipline that embraces a diverse range of practices designed to improve mental and physical function and enhance the life force that the Chinese call Qi.

There are thousands of forms of Qigong that have developed in different regions of China over the centuries but it was only in the 20th century that these separate practices were brought together.

The name, “Qigong”, which broadly translates as ‘Energy Work’, is much more recent. It was first used in the early 20th century but started to achieve wider usage when adopted and promoted by the Chinese government in the 1980’s.

Qigong is typically simpler, easier to learn for the Beginner.

Origins of Tai Chi

By contrast with Qigong, Tai Chi is just a few hundred years old. The name translates as, “Supreme Ultimate”, the Chinese philosophical view of the universe in its balance between Yin and Yang elements. Tai Chi, the exercise, is named after this concept and was originally developed both as a martial art (Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan) and as a form of meditative movement.

Traditional Tai Chi is typically performed as a highly choreographed, lengthy, and complex series of movements known as a “form”. The complexity of Tai Chi is the key factor that differentiates it from Qigong.

The key factor that differentiates Tai Chi from Qigong is complexity

Best for the Beginner?

Qigong is much easier to learn and is less physically demanding than Tai Chi so the benefits are more readily achieved. Tai Chi requires a greater investment in time but offers more rewards in terms of improved balance, strength and coordination. Consequently, it makes good sense to start with Qigong and then progress to the greater complexity of Tai Chi.

Further Reading

If you would like to find out more about Qigong and Tai Chi then the following technical paper has an excellent review section.

A Comprehensive Review of Health Benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi” – Roger Jahnke et al 2010

If you would like to learn Tai Chi and Qigong exercises then join any of our courses.

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